Ethiojobs Vacancy 2024

Ethiojobs Vacancy 2024

Government Communication Service: Because it makes it possible to institutionalize the dissemination of accurate information in a way that focuses on the present and makes the government’s objectives and execution available to the general public; It works to effectively involve citizens in the process of national development and inclusive democratic system building and to realise the new chapter of national changes and prosperity. It is based on the adequate preparation of government policies, programs, services, and implementations. This facilitates the delivery of the required information easily and at the desired speed in an efficient manner.

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November 14–15, 2023, Addis Ababa We thank the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the World Bank for co-hosting this summit on achieving universal access to WASH in Eastern and Southern Africa. We are the Ministers of Finance and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH), along with the delegates in attendance at this leadership meeting of the Eastern and Southern African countries (Annex 1).

This summit expands on previous discussions to solve the WASH challenges in our area, most notably between our Finance Ministers at the World Bank Spring Meetings and our WASH Ministers during the 2023 UN Water Conference. Thus, this summit represents the combined desire of our major ministries, which is rooted in our nations’ common goal of accelerating WASH for all.

We are grateful for the assistance of the World Bank and other partners in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals, which will enable us to attain universal access to WASH and fulfil our obligations under the Africa Water Vision for 2025 and Africa Agenda 2063. This Communique reaffirms such pledges and exhorts every nation to adhere to its own strategic plan while continuously collaborating to track advancements.

I. Introduction

We have gathered at the Africa Leadership Summit for Achieving Universal Access to WASH on behalf of the Ministries of Finance and WASH of a few selected African nations. We must acknowledge previous initiatives while stepping up to confront the mounting burden that WASH’s many problems continue to place on our people, preventing progress.

It’s time to change course and adopt a new plan led by the leaders of our different nations that will allow us to step in at crucial junctures in our WASH sectors and start a systemic change from the bottom up. This will enable us to scale up and expand WASH services by both mobilising more resources and using them more effectively.

Together with the help of our development partners, we must reach important consensus and make concrete pledges.

II. The Problem and Consequences of Inadequate WASH

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) presents several obstacles for WASH. There will be 247 million more people without basic sanitation by 2020, and 37 million more people without access to adequate water supplies than there were in 2000. In Southern and Eastern Africa, this is also the case. Urbanisation and population expansion have surpassed availability to basic WASH, and progress has been hampered by climatic disasters and crises. While some nations have seen improvements in access, others have seen a decline that requires immediate attention. These improvements have come at a much slower rate than what is required to achieve universal access by 2030.

The disparities between and within nations are more readily seen when the country-level data is broken down. A moderate to high proportion of the urban populace in the majority of these nations has access to “basic” water, but barely half of the rural populace—many of whom also lack basic sanitation facilities—has the same. Over 15% of rural populations in several nations are compelled to endure the humiliation of open defecation. Less than half of the region’s schools have basic sanitation, and over half of its patients get treatment in medical facilities devoid of basic WSS (water and sanitation services). The percentage of the population that lacks access to clean water and sanitation would be much greater if progress were measured by the elevated benchmark of “safely managed” water and sanitation.

WASH services are expensive and have restricted availability. It increases water and environmental contamination, encourages sickness, and jeopardises the safety and welfare of women and girls. It hinders tourism and makes towns less competitive. The most severe effects are stunting, increased newborn mortality, and delayed cognitive development in kids. In summary, it has detrimental long-term repercussions on successive generations. In SSA, the cost of not making WSS investments is projected to be 4.3% of GDP. In comparison, there are considerably more advantages to WSS investment than disadvantages.

III. Action Principles: Using a Novel Systems Change Framework

We still don’t have widespread access to WASH despite prior efforts. The disparities result from interconnected limitations and difficulties that call for audacious systemic change. Certain nations now have excellent water and energy utilities, solid WASH and other sector practices, and excellent models of decentralised governance and service delivery. We have local solutions being led by community organisations, innovative ways to WASH service delivery, and excellent regional instances of interministerial convergence. To put it simply, we have practices and experiences that provide us the foundation for this new paradigm of government-led system reform.

We suggest that the appropriate convening Ministries operationalize the following five systems-change concepts by modifying them to fit the specific requirements of their nation, taking into account the distinctive features of each one:

i. Establish a national WASH platform at the national level.

Create a multidisciplinary, government-led WASH platform at the national level to serve as the focal point for coordinated WASH planning, coordination, and monitoring (with the exception of those nations where a complete sector ministry already exists, such tiny island nations). Creating a National Investment Programme that addresses the financial plan and investment required to get universal access is part of this. The platform may coordinate key parties to execute the investment programme, integrate investments across subsectors and subnational levels, and maximise the effect of each dollar spent in expediting access to WASH services. The Ministries should also think about appointing a capable, interdisciplinary group to lead these national platforms and encourage more openness by disclosing monitoring data to the public.

ii. Deal with constraints in sector-level governance

Every nation should think about figuring out why governance obstacles are preventing the WASH sector from progressing and bolstering the supportive infrastructure. A new culture of adapting to new realities and anticipating future issues has to be embraced by many of our institutions, policies, and regulatory frameworks. This might include defining institutional mandates more clearly, bolstering WASH organisations’ organisational structures and regulatory frameworks, establishing new alliances, modernising community institutions and capabilities, and improving accountability and performance in all spheres of the economy.

iii. Adjust sector-wide rewards

Experience demonstrates that sectoral institutions may operate better if they are provided with the appropriate incentives. Enhancing overall efficiency would save money that is presently used to compensate for service provider inefficiencies in addition to improving performance. The resources that are saved may then be used to support marginalised populations and to extend services like rural sanitation. In addition to providing higher-quality, more reasonably priced services on a large scale, local governments might increase the efficiency and accountability of both public and private utilities and service providers. Systematic planning of infrastructure investments and prioritisation of operations and maintenance may result in the delivery of sustainable services. Community organisations might get incentives to maintain and enhance their sanitation and hygiene practices, as well as to value and utilise water wisely. It may be investigated how the water industry is related to other industries, such as the production of food and energy. Lastly, changing fiscal transfers and intergovernmental ties will improve the realignment of institutional and personal incentives across the board.

iv. Raise additional money, particularly via climate financing and the private sector.

We agree that more money should be raised for WASH initiatives and that every dollar should buy more. Such expenditures might be positioned to leverage funding from other sources as we seek to spend a larger portion of our own budgetary resources. Enhancing financial performance metrics has the potential to increase utilities’ creditworthiness. Governments must, however, (a) provide them more autonomy and (b) firmly indicate policy certainty in order to increase the sector’s reputation and, therefore, its capacity to draw in private investment. We implore our development partners to support us in swarming in private and hybrid money, strengthening and expanding the existing alliances, and gaining access to new and creative funding streams like climate financing. The susceptibility of certain nations to climate-related hazards may need particular attention.

v. Create WASH systems that are robust to disasters and the climate

Water plays a major role in climate fluctuation and change, and water-related catastrophes have become more common lately. We need to take into account the realities of climate-induced variability in our planning by thinking about how to enhance and safeguard our surface and groundwater resources. Water supply resilience may be increased by investing in storage, although planning is required due to the lengthy lead periods associated with developing storage facilities. Our selection of WASH-related technologies must take into account the concepts of the circular economy and nature-based solutions. Additionally, communities must be assisted by WSS system design, which lessens their susceptibility to natural catastrophes and climate change. While creating resilience plans for the WASH sector, nations’ susceptibility to climate threats must be considered.

IV. Collaborative Education and Mapping National Goals and Advancements

We pledge to create and/or update our own national roadmaps to expedite access to WASH after endorsing the aforementioned principles, but our success will ultimately depend on our unity and leadership. In order to achieve this, we encourage information and experience exchange between our nations while also taking inspiration from international best practices.

With help from the World Bank, we also support the creation of a collective outcomes monitoring dashboard so that we can monitor our progress towards scaling up WASH.

 V. Consent

As delegates from the Eastern and South African nations attending this leadership summit, we, the Ministers of Finance and WASH, concur that we are prepared to take decisive action after our discussions at the summit. We propose that our nations, led by their senior leaders, embrace the Principles of Action and urge our development partners to help us expand WASH to every country.

concluded November 15, 2023, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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